Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition in which the endometrium lining of the uterus is abnormally thick. There are four types of endometrial hyperplasia. The types vary by the amount of abnormal cells and the presence of cell changes.
Endometrial thickness is a commonly measured parameter on routine gynecological ultrasound and MRI. The appearance, as well as the thickness of the endometrium, will depend on whether the patient is of reproductive age or postmenopausal and, if of reproductive age, at what point in the menstrual cycle they are examined. The endometrium should be measured in the long axis or sagittal plane, ideally on transvaginal scanning, with the entirety of the endometrial lining through to the endocervical canal in view.
Jaime Herndon has been writing for health websites since and has guest-blogged on SheKnows. After graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in psychology and women's studies, she earned a Master of Science in clinical health psychology and a Master of Public Health in maternal-child health. Her interests include oncology, women's health and exercise science.
Endometrial cancer is usually caught as early stage disease due to its early symptomatology. Endometrial cancer is a surgical disease, and unlike cervical cancer, even those with locally advanced malignancies confined to the pelvis often benefit from surgical resection. Transvaginal ultrasound showing thickened endometrial stripe is supportive of the diagnosis, with thickness approaching or exceeding 20mm being highly suggestive of malignancy, and less than 4mm being supportive of benign causes.
Clinical and ultrasound data were reviewed for the patients in whom a comprehensive evaluation of the uterus and adnexae was performed. Of this study group, had normal ES thickness. Nine patients with a thickened ES were excluded due to immediate hysterectomy or history of cervical cancer.
Your uterine lining is called the endometrium. When you have an ultrasound or MRIyour endometrium will show up as a dark line on the screen. This tissue will naturally change as you age and move through different reproductive stages.
Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ where fetal development occurs. Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining endometrium of the uterus.
The use of transvaginal ultrasonography TVUS for evaluation of endometrial pathology in postmenopausal women has generated interest because of its noninvasiveness. It has been assumed that endometrial thickness measured as the endometrial stripe on TVUS would help clinicians decide whether a patient should undergo endometrial biopsy. Archer and associates studied endometrial thickness in women using hormonal therapy to see if it differed from that in women not using hormone therapy.
Intrauterine insemination IUI is the first-line treatment for non-tubal infertility. Injectable gonadotropins are often chosen as adjunctive stimulation to promote the growth of ovarian follicles in IUI cycles. The growing follicles produce estrogen, which induces endometrial proliferation and increased endometrial stripe thickness EST.